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D in the Heart of Texas             

Jerry T. Dealey

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The ‘Right Wing’ Direction of Dallas - "City of Hate" Revisited (Part 2)

Early History of Texas
The Europeans and American Settlers
John Neely Bryan – And Other Early Founders
Some Wheeling-Dealing to Grow a City
George Bannerman Dealey
The Dallas Morning News is Born
The Great 1908 Flood
G. B. Promotes Other Early Dallas Growth
The "City of Hate"
Building the ‘Subway’, Triple Underpass, Dealey Plaza
The Other Buildings Around Dealey Plaza
The Elder G. B. Dealey
The Dallas "Citizens Council"
The ‘Right Wing’ Direction of Dallas - "City of Hate" Revisited
A ‘Turn-Around’ for the Dallas Morning News
The Pre-November ‘Hate’ Incidents
Dallas’ Law Enforcement
November 1963, Why Dallas?
Dealey Plaza Changes To-Date

The citizens of Dallas resented any idea that they should ‘share’ the results of their hard work with any other, or “lesser”, class of people, for the benefit of ‘society’ as a whole.

The existence of the Dallas Citizens Council, and its methods of running Dallas as a business, added to this feeling of self-reliance and complacency. The citizens of Dallas could focus on their own lives, and not worry about many of the social problems that many cities faced.

Certainly Dallas had its dark side, but it was mainly a homegrown corruption. While underworld connections such as Jack Ruby, and others tied to the Mafia existed, they did not strongly control the crime and vice in Dallas. Since the local businessmen controlled the city government, and the city government controlled the Dallas police departments, that police force would allow these same businessmen whatever ‘recreation’ they required. The whole arrangement became a kind of “Good Ole Boy” network, where everyone within the network was generally protected from prosecution. Everyone protected each other from outside interference and influence. People dealt with their own lives, and enjoyed the fruit of their own labors. They were fiercely self-reliant, and strongly resented any imposed changes from outside agencies. Again, they strongly supported any government that would protect their rights and right to be left alone.

It should also be remembered that Dallas had grown out of the independent and self-reliant attitudes of the Republic of Texas, and Civil War. But Dallas also had a long history of racism as represented by it being the base of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s. Although publicly the Klan had been “defeated” in Dallas, many of its leaders and citizens were no doubt either still part of the Klan, or heavily influenced by it. It is unfortunate that the right-wing is often associated and populated by the types of people who are against other races and classes.

Added to these conservative attitudes was the fact that Dallas and most of Texas, was in the Southern Bible Belt. This belt seemed to hold mainly the Southern Baptists, and other denominations considered the strictest in Christianity.

In the years prior to the 1960’s, Dallas had been subjected to many outside influences, of exactly the type these independent and self-reliant citizens resented. In the desegregation battles of the 1950’s, Dallas was pressured at many times by the State of Texas and the Federal government to change their “way of life”. Dallas citizens resented these intrusions into their system. In the perception of Dallasites, these demands were similar to the Socialist and Communist beliefs, in that they attempted to share the benefits and possessions of individuals with those of other classes of people. Dallas’ citizens were getting quickly tired of the “outside interference” of the Federal government in their lives.

Given all of these attitudes, it is not surprising that Dallas allowed some similar minded, although more extreme, individuals to settle and become public figures in their city. These included local right-winger Bruce Alger, who was elected to Congress in 1954. He became one of the most outspoken “right-wingers” in Congress, extremely denouncing the United Nations, and American membership in it. Other right-wingers, such as General Edwin Walker, his organization and the John Birch Society, were also allowed. Even demonstrations in Dallas over the Museum of Fine Arts for a touring exhibit occurred when it was learned that many of the artists included Communists and Communists sympathizers. Homegrown right-wingers such as H. L. Hunt and Dallas Morning News Publisher, Ted Dealey were also very active.

IE150-1.GIF - 6031 BytesD in the Heart of Texas - Table of Contents
03LEFT.JPG - 1910 Bytes The ‘Right Wing’ Direction of Dallas - "City of Hate" Revisited (Part 1)
03RIGHT.JPG - 1880 Bytes A ‘Turn-Around’ for the Dallas Morning News

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Last edited June 3, 2003