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D in the Heart of Texas             

Jerry T. Dealey

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The Europeans and American Settlers (Part 2)

Early History of Texas
The Europeans and American Settlers
John Neely Bryan – And Other Early Founders
Some Wheeling-Dealing to Grow a City
George Bannerman Dealey
The Dallas Morning News is Born
The Great 1908 Flood
G. B. Promotes Other Early Dallas Growth
The "City of Hate"
Building the ‘Subway’, Triple Underpass, Dealey Plaza
The Other Buildings Around Dealey Plaza
The Elder G. B. Dealey
The Dallas "Citizens Council"
The ‘Right Wing’ Direction of Dallas - "City of Hate" Revisited
A ‘Turn-Around’ for the Dallas Morning News
The Pre-November ‘Hate’ Incidents
Dallas’ Law Enforcement
November 1963, Why Dallas?
Dealey Plaza Changes To-Date

Sam Houston led an army of about 750 men against Santa Anna’s remaining 1500 man force, in the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836. Santa Anna’s forces had been dwindled by the battles, and the need to leave forces in the conquered territories. Attacking the sleeping Mexican forces during their traditional afternoon ‘siesta’ (nap), the Texans killed over 700 soldiers and captured another 730. The Texans, who showed little or no mercy to the forces that killed their fellow Texans, shouted the cries of “Remember the Alamo” and “Remember Goliad” during the fighting. Santa Anna was also captured, while posing as a normal foot soldier, and taken to an injured Sam Houston.

Although Santa Anna had signed a treaty not to invade or attack the Republic of Texas, and the agreement recognized Texas’ borders, the leaders of the Republic were not foolish enough to believe he would honor it. In fact, from the moment Santa Anna returned to Mexico, he started planning a return conquest to Texas. So the Republic of Texas was in much the same boat that the Spanish and Mexican governments had been, in that they had to heavily settle the Republic, or soon lose it due to not having enough forces to expel any invaders. To do this, they reopened their borders to the United States, with the heavily advertised offer of 640 acres of land to new settlers.

During the Texas War of Independence, the Three Forks area was distinctly Indian country. The resettling of Texas and the giving away of land was fearsomely opposed by the Indians living on the land, and their hatred of white settlers was intense. The Native American Indians stood as a barrier between the settlements of the Red River (border with the US) and the populated Republic of Texas cities to the south. In November of 1837 a contingent of 12 volunteer Texas soldiers fought with the Indians northwest of Dallas, in Wise County. All but three were killed, and these three retreated through the area, camping at the junction of the West and Elm Forks of the Trinity River (where Stemmons Freeway and Industrial Blvd intersect today).

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03LEFT.JPG - 1880 BytesThe Europeans and American Settlers (Part 1)
03RIGHT.JPG - 1880 Bytes John Neely Bryan – And Other Early Founders (Part 1)

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Last edited June 3, 2003